A Meditation on π
A few number-theoretic \(\pi\) facts:
- \(\pi\) is provably transcendental, thus also irrational.
- \(\pi\) is suspected, but not known, to be normal, a generalization of transcendence.
- \(\pi\), provably, has Liouville-Roth constant (or irrationality coefficient) no greater than \(7.6063\), and is suspected to have constant no greater than \(2.5\). (As a consequence of its irrationality, its L-R constant is \(\geq2\).)
Note, though, that each of these things is also true of literally 100% of numbers. And before you scoff at my use of the figurative 'literally', no no -- measure-theoretically, the non-(normal, transcendental, irrational, irrationality-coefficient-less-than-8) numbers make up exactly, mathematically 0% of the number line.
For the record: irrational algebraics like \(\sqrt2\) are also nonterminating and nonrepeating, and it's